All posts in "Dog Health"

Does Your Dog Have Tapeworms?

What are Tapeworms?

Tapeworms are flat, white, segmented worms that attach themselves to your dog’s intestines. The most common type of tapeworm typically makes it to your dog through an infected flea. Fleas can often carry the tapeworm’s larvae and if ingested by your dog, an adult tapeworm can grow inside his intestines.

What are the Symptoms of Tapeworms?

Tapeworms can grown from 4 to 28 inches long; as it grows, some of the segments fall off and pass through your dog’s feces. The segments can also be found crawling near your dog’s anus or on his bedding. These segments will dry out and die becoming hard, yellow speckles that can stick to the fur of your dog.

If your dog has tapeworms you may see him scooting his bottom across the floor or licking his rear more often than usual. Rarely, but possible, your dog may vomit up a tapeworm. Your dog may also begin to lose weight.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Tapeworms

Your veterinarian can diagnose whether or not your dog has tapeworms by testing a sample his feces.

If it is confirmed that your furry friend is infected with tapeworms, your vet will prescribe medication, in the form or a shot or tablet, to treat them. De-worming medicine essentially dissolves the worms so you won’t see them in your dogs feces.

Prevention

Tapeworms can be easily prevented by giving your dog flea medication, putting a flea collar on them, or making sure your yard is flea free through the use of sprays or powders.

Don’t let your pup run off, they will likely end up somewhere that the flea population is not controlled.

Clean up after your dog after her uses the bathroom, whether it be in your yard or a public park or walking area.

 

If you have any further questions, or if you suspect your dog may have tapeworms, call your veterinarian to set up and exam immediately.

 

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Death Cap Mushrooms and your Dog

Amanita Phalloides, more commonly known as the Death Cap mushroom, is the number one cause of fatal mushroom poisonings in the world. These mushrooms mostly grow around oak trees but have been documented growing in pines; they thrive in cool, damp climates, often popping up during the fall and winter rainy seasons.

When Death Cap mushrooms decay, they emit a fishy odor that can be very appealing for your dog to roll around in or to eat.

What Do Death Cap Mushrooms Look Like?
  • The caps can be a green/yellow color but also brown, tan, green, and they can take on a metallic sheen as they age
  • The cap may appear to be “balding”
  • They have white gills
  • The cap can be 2 to 6 inched in diameter
  • The cap is round initially, but flattens as it ages
How are Death Caps Poisonous To Dogs?

Death Cap mushrooms contain amatoxins, which interfere with DNA and RNA transcription and selectively influence the rapidly replicating cells of the gastrointestinal (GI) and renal systems. In other words, amatoxins are very harmful to a dogs intestines and can cause liver failure and death.

Indications of Death Cap Poisoning

Signs of poisoning grow between six and 20 hours after ingestion.

  • Gastrointestinal upset (signs of abdominal pain, bloody nausea, or severe bouts of nausea )
  • Jaundice (the whites of the eyes and mucous membranes turn yellow)
  • Seizure (due to liver damage)
  • Lethargy

Unfortunately, once the symptoms appear, it may be too late to your dog. That is why prevention and early detection are crucial in protecting your pet from mushroom poisoning.

Protecting Your Dog From Poisonous Mushrooms

The best way to keep your pet protected from Death Cap mushrooms would be to watch them closely while hiking and be sure they don’t consume anything suspicious. For some dogs that is much easier said than done, so be proactive and eliminate mushrooms out of the dog’s path.

  • Remove mushrooms from the lawn after they pop up
  • On walks and hikes, pick up and bag suspicious mushrooms and eliminate them in a garbage can
  • On hikes, maintain your puppy on-leash, and do not let her move off the road. This is just good etiquette, as well as being a security measure.
  • Should you hike with your dog off-leash, be sure she’s solid remember and”leave it” orders .
  • Exercise training at home and on the road, always with positive reinforcement and rewards.
    Consistently take a pet first aid kit on hikes and outdoor trips
What to do if You Think Your Dog Ate a Mushroom

If you see your pup consume a suspicious mushroom, then instantly give them a dose of hydrogen peroxide to induce nausea, 1 teaspoon for every 10 pounds of body fat. This will expel the mushroom before it has an opportunity to put in your dog’s system.

Next, go to the vet right away. Even if your dog shows no actual symptoms of mushroom poisoning, even if you suspect that they ate a mushroom, it is crucial to seek treatment straight away. If you can, have a sample of the mushroom with you for testing.

Nobody wants to consider their dog being poisoned, but by understanding what poisonous mushrooms look like, you can protect your pet. The great news is, the huge bulk mushrooms are non-toxic.

To keep your dog protected from the 1 percent of mushrooms which are poisonous, do not let her eat mushrooms on the road, and learn the symptoms of poisoning. With knowledge and a small amount of warning, you can enjoy hiking the shore with your dog for a long time to come.

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What is Kennel Cough?

What is Kennel Cough?

Just as human colds might be brought on by several different viruses, kennel cough itself may have several causes. Among the most frequent culprits is a bacterium named Bordetella bronchiseptica m– that is the reason why kennel cough is often called Bordetella. Many puppies that become infected with Bordetella are infected with a virus at exactly the exact same time.

Dogs”catch” kennel Infection when they inhale germs or virus particles in their respiratory tract. This tract is usually lined with a coating of mucus that protects infectious particles, however there are quite a few factors that could weaken this protection and make dogs vulnerable to kennel cough disease, which leads to inflammation of the larynx (voice box) and trachea (windpipe).

  • Exposure to crowded or badly ventilated conditions, such as are found in many kennels and shelters
  • Cold temperatures
  • Exposure to smoke or dust smoke
  • Travel-induced stress
Kennel Cough Symptoms

It often seems like a goose honk. This is different from a cough-like noise made by some dogs, especially small ones, which is referred to as a reverse sneeze. Reverse osmosis can be normal in certain dogs and strains , and usually merely suggests the presence of post-nasal trickle or a small irritation of the throat.

Some dogs with kennel cough can show different signs of illness, including coughing, a runny nose, or eye discharge.

If your dog has kennel cough, he likely won’t lose his desire or have a decreased energy level.

Fixing and Preventing Kennel Cough

If you think your dog may have the illness, you need to keep him away from other creatures and contact your vet.

Though most cases of kennel cough will resolve without therapy, drugs may speed recovery or decrease symptoms throughout the course of disease. These include antibiotics that aim Bordetella bacteria and cough medications.

You might also find that keeping your dog in a well-humidified region and using a harness rather than a collar, especially for dogs that strain from a leash, can minimize the coughing.

Most dogs with kennel cough recover completely within three weeks, even though it may take up to six weeks in older dogs or those with other medical problems. Because serious, continuing kennel cough infection may result in pneumonia, make certain to follow up with your vet if your dog does not improve within the expected period of time. Moreover, if your dog at any given time has symptoms of rapid breathing, not eating, or listlessness, speak to your vet straight away, since these could be signs of more serious problems.

There are 3 kinds of vaccine for kennel cough: one which is injected, one which is delivered as a nasal mist, and one which can be given orally. Although these vaccines might help, they don’t guarantee protection against kennel cough or infectious tracheobronchitis since it may be brought on by so many different sorts of viruses and bacteria. Additionally, it’s important to realize that neither form of this kennel cough vaccination will treat active infections.

The intranasal and oral kennel cough vaccinations are generally given to dogs after a year, but occasionally are recommended every six months for dogs at high risk for kennel cough. These types of the vaccine have a tendency to supply puppies protection against kennel cough earlier than the injected product.

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Caring For a Visually Impaired Dog

Like people, dogs can experience failing vision as they get older–and will require a”seeing eye” just as you would. Caring for a dog who’s losing his eyesight, or who is already gone blind, can provide a distinctive set of challenges for the remainder of the family. But a loss of vision certainly doesn’t indicate a poor quality of life, particularly for pet parents that are prepared to adjust how they care for their diminished canine.

Frequent Causes

Dogs can go blind for a variety of reasons, from disorder to older age.

Certain breeds and sexes are also more vulnerable to blindness. Middle-aged female dogs, for example, are particularly prone to SARDS, which causes blindness fairly unexpectedly. Dachshunds, miniature schnauzers, and mutts are in higher-than-average risk for the disease also, according to research reported by PetMD. Miniature poodles, cocker spaniels, miniature schnauzers, golden retrievers, Boston terriers, and Siberian huskies are more likely to get cataracts.

Beta Carotene For Vision Health

Good nutrition is very important to your dog’s health and can help keep his eyesight healthy, however SARDS and similar vision-impairing conditions do not have any known treatment or way of prevention.

According to Pet360, carrots and cantaloupe are proven to fortify a dog’s eyesight and reduce the odds of cataracts. Start looking for dog food which lists beta carotene in its ingredients.

Necessary veterinary care will change depending on what is causing your dog’s blindness. Together with beta carotene, your veterinarian may suggest seeing a veterinary ophthalmologist, which might be more costly than routine care. When looking for this specialist, a fantastic place to begin is an internet directory maintained by your country’s veterinary ophthalmologist professional organization, such as American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologist (ACVO).

Tips for Living With a Blind Dog

Many volunteer organizations are in fact devoted to assisting blind and visually impaired dogs by embracing them from different shelters. In case you’ve got a blind or visually impaired dog, you can reach out to those volunteer organizations for information. Here are some helpful hints to get you started:

  • Set tags or bells that jingle or create sound on other creatures in the home — and think about wearing one yourself — so that your pet knows where his companion is.
  • Teach your puppy commands such as”watch,” to make him aware he is approaching a hindrance. Consider”step” too, to teach him if a stair is facing him.
  • Get on your dog’s level to search for things in your house that could harm him. Sharp table corners, for example, could damage your dog if he approaches too fast.
  • Help put together a pattern for him, this could include the trip from his bed to his meals, the back door, along with his favorite resting place.
  • When taking him out, you may have to keep him on a leash to guide him to his favourite places to do his business.
  • Help him remain active. Just because your dog is visually-impaired does not mean he can not have fun and play.
  • Be sure that you keep the leash short so that you can better direct him where to go. It’s also great to let him sniff around and take in his surroundings through odor. It is a small gesture, but one he will make certain to appreciate.
  • You can also help him play. Locate an open, secure area for him to have the ability to run around in like a garden and play fetch with dog toys which produce a noise. Through his sense of smell and hearing, he’ll eventually have the ability to track down the ball, and because you call to him to bring it back he will use those very same senses to return to you.

There is no doubt that the maintenance of blindness in dogs will require some special work. But with time and love, you both are able to adapt to this natural condition. Just because your dog can’t see because he used to, does not mean his quality of life must endure. Continue to show him the exact same love and affection which you always have and he’ll return the favor.

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Dry Skin and Your Dog

What Causes Dry Skin ?

Allergies

Dogs get allergies just like individuals do. Food allergies, and environmental allergies and seasonal allergies, such as pollen, dust, feathers, grass, animal dander, grain, and flea infestation can cause a lot of symptoms in dogs which often consist of dry skin. If left untreated, these allergies may produce a skin condition known as atopic dermatitis, which causes dry skin, itching, redness, and inflammation and may also result in secondary skin infections.

Flea allergy dermatitis, which can be an allergic reaction to flea saliva, is the most common skin disease in American dogs. The best way to prevent flea allergies is to maintain your pet and house free of fleas and to speak with your vet about treatment options for your dog’s allergies.

Parasites

Parasites are another possible cause of dry skin . Dry, flaky skin may be a indication of parasites that cause mange, like the Demodex mite, canine scabies, and cheyletiellosis (Walking Dandruff), or it can indicate that your dog has lice.

Diagnosing parasites which cause dry skin requires a visit to the veterinarian. Your family vet may consult with an expert in veterinary dermatology if he believes your pet needs the attention of an expert.

Infections

Fungal and bacterial infections can cause an assortment of skin-related symptoms in dogs. Veterinarians usually diagnose pet skin infections by taking skin scrapes for cytology. These infections are sometimes secondary to a greater problem, which is the reason why dry skin should always be taken seriously. Some infections, like the fungal disease Ringworm, are also transmissible to people.

Systemic Disorders

From time to time, dry skin is a indication of a much bigger problem. The two primary metabolic disorders associated with dry skin on dogs are Cushing’s disease and hypothyroidism. In both instances, dry skin is often accompanied by dry and brittle hair, hair loss, and skin ailments, among other symptoms. Auto-immune ailments and cancer may also lead to dry skin .

These conditions are severe. Dry skin shouldn’t be dismissed, so ensure to take your pet in to see your family veterinarian as soon as you notice symptoms of dry skin.

Breed-Specific Skin Conditions

Some breeds are more prone to skin conditions than others, particularly in regards to dry skin. Hairless breeds, like the Xoloitzcuintli and the Chinese Crested, are more prone to many different skin ailments, and Siberian Huskies, Alaskan Malamutes, and fast large-breed puppies can find a condition known as zinc-responsive dermatosis. Veterinarians can narrow down the probable causes of your dog’s dry skin.

Other Reasons For Dry Skin on Dogs

Sometimes dry skin is due to environmental conditions such as cold weather and dry air, or by excessive bathing, harsh soaps, and poor nourishment . If you suspect that your pet’s dry skin is caused by nutritional deficiencies, environmental conditions or bathing customs, it’s still recommended to talk with your veterinarian so as to rule out more serious problems.

Signs of Dry Skin on Dogs

Dry skin doesn’t present in precisely the exact same way for each dog, but some symptoms of dry skin include:

  • itchiness
  • dandruff
  • flaking
  • pimples
  • scaling
  • hairloss
  • inflammation
  • odor
  • increased oiliness
  • scabs

Some dogs experience just one of these symptoms while others present with several. Keeping an eye on your dog’s symptoms can help your veterinarian diagnose the cause of your pet’s dry skin.

Treatment of your pet’s dry skin depends upon the cause, so the first step is a diagnosis. While the world wide web is filled with valuable resources about canine health, consulting your vet is the best method to ascertain the cause of your pet’s skin issues.

Sometimes, dry skin may be an indication of a bigger cause, in which case your vet will treat both skin and the illness. Demadex mange (secondary demodicosis) is often related to Cushing’s disease, which means that your vet will have to treat both the mange and Cushing’s.

Treating Dry Skin

Treating allergies which cause dry skin on dogs can get tricky. For pet food allergies, your veterinarian might prescribe an elimination diet, since there’s no reliable diagnostic test for diagnosing food allergens.

Environmental allergies can be analyzed for, but there’s no cure. The 3 common treatment options for allergies are:

  • avoiding the allergen
  • controlling the itching, dry skin, etc.
  • immunotherapy (allergy shots)

Some variables, like excessive bathing, are easy to control. Buying a humidifier to use when the weather is cold and dry, using a vet approved shampoo, and decreasing the frequency of bathrooms usually resolves dry skin on dogs, provided that those factors are the cause. Switching to a high-fat diet provides the vital nutrients your dog needs for a healthy coat and skin, so speak to your vet about a nutrition program, along with any supplements, he recommends.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, the saying goes, and it proves true in regards to skin conditions in dogs. While some breeds are more prone to dry skin than others, there are a few things you can do to stop dry skin on dogs:

Feed a high quality, balanced diet out of puppyhood
Prevent parasites by maintaining up-to-date on preventatives
Groom your dog regularly to prevent the buildup of grime and debris
Give nutritional supplements when necessary as prescribed by your vet
Schedule regular veterinary checkups to monitor your dog’s overall health
Keep facial skin folds clean in breeds with folds
Research your strain to find out what skin conditions They’re predisposed to and how to stop them
The best way to stop dry skin in puppies is ensuring that your pet leads a happy, healthful life. Some skin conditions can’t be prevented, but by being a conscientious owner who regularly examine her puppies, you can grab your pet’s dry skin until it gets out of control.

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