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Foods That are Poisonous to Your Dog

Alcohol

Alcoholic drinks and food products containing alcohol may lead to nausea, diarrhea, decreased coordination, central nervous system depression, difficulty breathing, tremors, abnormal blood pressure, coma and even death.

Chocolate, Coffee and Caffeine

These products all contain compounds called methylxanthines, which if ingested by your pets, can cause vomiting and diarrhea, panting, excessive thirst and urination, hyperactivity, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors, seizures and even death.

Grapes and Raisins

The toxic substance within grapes and raisins is known to cause kidney failure and even death.Nuts

Nuts

Nuts, such as almonds, pecans, and walnuts, contain high amounts of fats and oils. These fats can cause nausea and diarrhea, and possibly pancreatitis in pets. Macadamia nuts can cause tremors, vomiting, weakness, depression, and hypothermia in dogs. Symptoms of macadamia nut poisoning can appear 12 hours after ingestion and can last 12-48 hours.

Milk and Dairy

Pets do not possess significant amounts of lactase, which is the enzyme that breaks down lactose. This means that dairy products can cause diarrhea or other gastric upset.

Onions, Garlic, Chives

Onion, garlic, and chives can cause gastrointestinal irritation and could lead to red blood cell damage.

Raw/Undercooked Meat, Eggs and Bones

Just like humans, dogs are susceptible to Salmonella and E. coli poisoning if they consume aw meat and/or raw eggs. Raw eggs also contain an enzyme called avidin that decreases the absorption of biotin, which can lead to skin and coat problems. Raw bones can also be harmful to you dog, they are not necessarily poisonous but can easily get lodged in your dogs throat or cause an injury should the bone splinter and puncture your their digestive tract.

Salt and Salty Snack Foods

Large amounts of salt can cause vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated body temperature, seizures and even death.

Xylitol

Xylitol is used as a sweetener in many products, including gum, candy, baked goods and toothpaste. Xylitol can release insulin in most species, which can lead to liver failure. This spike in insulin leads to hypoglycemia, or lowered sugar levels. Signs of xylitol poisoning include vomiting, lethargy and loss of coordination, as well as seizures. Elevated liver enzymes and liver failure can be seen within a few days.

Yeast Dough

Yeast dough can rise causing gas to collect in your dog’s digestive system. This can be painful and can cause the stomach to bloat, and potentially twist, becoming a life threatening emergency. Yeast also produces ethanol as a by-product and if ingested raw, a dog can become drunk.

Overall, be mindful of what you are giving to your dog and stick to what is safe for them. A grape or some nuts are not worth the heartache if they become ill.

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Easy Tips To Help Your Dog Lose Weight

Dogs that are overweight have a higher risk of developing diabetes, arthritis, kidney and heart disease, high blood pressure, as well as many types of cancer. If your dog is overweight, keep reading to see how you can get them fit and reduce their risk of developing a serious disease.

1. Count their calories.

Just like a human needs to count calories in order to lose weight, so does your dog, except you’ll be the one calculating their calories! Ask your veterinarian to calculate how many calories your pup needs each day.

2. Measure their food.

Guessing how much your dog should get each meal can lead to extra unwanted calories. After you have calculated the amount of calories your pup needs, figure out how much food you should feed him per meal and measure it out.

3. Limit treats.

Treats and table scraps can add up and usually don’t end up giving your dog the nutrition he needs. Instead, try making homemade dog treats with healthy ingredients, but don’t forget to factor in those calories to your dog’s daily caloric intake.

4. Exercise.

A 20-30 minute walk can boost immune function, improve cardiovascular health, and reduce some behavioral problems.

5. Supplements. 

Veterinarians often recommend fish oil for dogs, fish oil not only keeps their fur shiny and skin healthy, it’s proven to prevent and treat a number of diseases. If your dog has joint problems, talk to your vet about adding Cosequin or Dasuquin to your dog’s diet.

6. Food. 

Make sure your feeding your dog the correct food. If you have a puppy and an older dog, don’t feed them the same type of food. Puppies need food specifically formulated for them because they need more calories, while older dogs need less calories due to their slowed metabolism.

For more information contact your veterinarian.

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How to Help Your Dog Adjust During a Move

Moving to a new house can be very stressful, but have you ever wondered how hard it can be on your dog? The sight of suitcases and boxes can cause your pup to feel anxious and confused. He might be wondering “what’s going on”, “is my human leaving”, or “am I coming, too?” There’s no way to make moving any less painful, but there are ways to make the transition from moving from one house to another easier on you dog.

Before Moving to a New Home
  • Prepare your pup before you move. Maybe start by dragging out your old suitcase or boxes and just letting them sit for a week before you actually start packing.
  • Prepare them for what’s ahead. If you’re not moving far, take them to the new neighborhood and let them walk and sniff. If possible, walk them to the house you’ll be moving into and let them sniff the front yard and front porch.
  • Invest in anti-anxiety medicine/gear. If your move is far, consult your veterinarian about calming medication for the trip and try them out ahead of time. Consider buying a ThunderShirt, they apply gentle and constant pressure to calm anxious dogs. Let them wear it while you are packing and again during the big move.
During the Move
  • Doggie daycare. On moving day, consider leaving your pup with a familiar face, like a family member, friend, or at a doggie daycare they have been to before. This will allow you to not worry about your dog and it will allow your dog to not worry about the move.
  • Pack for your dog. Don’t forget to pack your pup’s favorite toys! Keep their belongings nearby, this allows for easier access after the move.
  • Don’t clean. Washing your dog’s toys and bedding can remove a comforting scent that should be taken to the new home.
  • Light Breakfast. The stress of moving can be hard on their stomachs, so maybe feed them a smaller breakfast than normal.
  • Exercise. If you decide not to send your dog away while you move, take them on a walk before or during the trip to your new home.
After the Move
  • Keep the same routine, or as close to the same as possible. If your dog is feeling anxious, keeping the same routine from your old home to your new home can alleviate this feeling. Once you have settled in after a couple of weeks, additional changes can be made slowly.
  • Safe space. Set up your dog’s crate with their favorite blankets and toys, this will be comforting to them while adjusting to strange new place.
  • Explore. Explore the new neighborhood and surrounding areas with your pup, but keep them on a leash. Something could startle them and you don’t want them running off.
  • Affection. Throughout the entire moving process, give your dog plenty of attention. This can be very reassuring for them.

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Why Does My Dog Lick Me?

Do you ever wonder why you dog greets you with a big slobbery kiss? Or why they like to lick you in general? Dogs lick their owners, other dogs, and themselves for a variety of reasons ranging from love and submission to a possible medical condition. Following are common reasons your dog might be offering up canine kisses.

Why Dogs Lick People, Other Dogs, and Themselves

 

You Taste Good

Our salty skin can be very appealing to dogs. Dogs are inclined to explore the world with their mouths and are comforted by the scent of their owners, which is the same reason they may steal a piece of our clothing.

They’re “Rewarded” For It

You may not think you are “rewarding” your pup but think back to how you responded when your dog licked you. Did you pet him, scratch his belly? Maybe you offered him food or started talking to him. Doing any of these positively reinforces that behavior which only encourages him to continue. The action of licking itself releases endorphins making your pup feel good, which only adds to the reward. If you want your dog to stop licking you, don’t give them any attention. Stay focused on what you were doing or simply get up and move to a different area.

To Show Submission

Your dog might be licking to show submission, especially if he’s licking the muzzle of another dog. According to former AKC Family Dog columnist and veterinarian Nicholas Dodman, wild pups lick their mother’s mouth as a sign for her to regurgitate the meat she has hunted and as a way of showing their subordination. It is reasonable, then, that domesticated dogs instinctually exhibit this behavior when interacting with other dogs, or humans, they consider superior to them.

From a Possible Medical or Behavioral Issue

Dogs that lick a specific spot may be suffering from a problem that requires a professional’s intervention, such as anxiety or obsessive-compulsive disease. Also, dogs that frequently lick their toes could be attempting to resolve a persistent itching brought on by allergies. Dogs that lick their anal area often could be suffering from allergies or might need their anal glands expressed. If you see your dog obsessively licking, a person, or an item like the bed sheets, talk to a veterinarian, who may recommend medical treatment or a consultation with a behavior specialist.

In most cases your dog is just showing their affection for you.

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Adjusting Your Dog to A New Baby

Bringing home a new baby is exciting for you and your partner, however, it can be very confusing and even frightening for your pets. They may also exhibit jealousy since they’re not the center of focus anymore.

Fortunately, by planning ahead and taking the correct steps before you bring home baby and within the first couple weeks of your baby’s homecoming, you can help your dog adjust to its new sibling.

How to Adjust Your Dog to A New Baby
  • It is important that your dog know basic commands to ensure your he won’t jump; he should be able sit, stay and come to when he is called.
  • Gradually change your dog’s routine before the baby is born – where he sleeps, or when he gets walked – this allows your dog to not associate the changes with the baby.
  • A few weeks before the baby arrives, lessen the amount of play and attention you give your dog.
  • Allow your dog to adjust to noises a baby makes by playing a recording of various baby sounds.
  • Before the baby is born allow your pup to sniff baby lotion, powder, shampoo, etc. Once the baby is born let your dog sniff some of its clothing or a blanket so he can get use to the baby’s scent.
  • When you bring your baby home for the first time, greet your dog alone first so it doesn’t jump on the baby.
  • After the baby has been home for a few days, let your dog sniff the baby while on a leash. Praise and pet him while he sniffs and only allow the dog to approach you and the baby, this prevents bites.
  • When your dog has acclimated to your new baby’s smell, allow him to sniff the baby off the leash, unless he is too overly excited. If the baby suddenly screams or kicks it may scare your dog or he may take it as a sign to play. Keep the baby elevated and ALWAYS make sure there is an adult between the dog and the baby.
  • Don’t scold your dog if he picks up one of the baby’s toys; you don’t want the dog to associate the baby with something negative. Instead, replace the baby’s toy with one of the dog’s.
  • Don’t leave your baby alone with the dog. A pull on the ears or tail can make even the most tolerable dogs snap.
  • Have a safe space for your dog, whether it be their crate or a room where the baby can’t go.

And just remember that while you are adjusting, so is your dog. So be patient and still find time for your furry friend!

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