Foods That are Poisonous to Your Dog

Alcohol

Alcoholic drinks and food products containing alcohol may lead to nausea, diarrhea, decreased coordination, central nervous system depression, difficulty breathing, tremors, abnormal blood pressure, coma and even death.

Chocolate, Coffee and Caffeine

These products all contain compounds called methylxanthines, which if ingested by your pets, can cause vomiting and diarrhea, panting, excessive thirst and urination, hyperactivity, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors, seizures and even death.

Grapes and Raisins

The toxic substance within grapes and raisins is known to cause kidney failure and even death.Nuts

Nuts

Nuts, such as almonds, pecans, and walnuts, contain high amounts of fats and oils. These fats can cause nausea and diarrhea, and possibly pancreatitis in pets. Macadamia nuts can cause tremors, vomiting, weakness, depression, and hypothermia in dogs. Symptoms of macadamia nut poisoning can appear 12 hours after ingestion and can last 12-48 hours.

Milk and Dairy

Pets do not possess significant amounts of lactase, which is the enzyme that breaks down lactose. This means that dairy products can cause diarrhea or other gastric upset.

Onions, Garlic, Chives

Onion, garlic, and chives can cause gastrointestinal irritation and could lead to red blood cell damage.

Raw/Undercooked Meat, Eggs and Bones

Just like humans, dogs are susceptible to Salmonella and E. coli poisoning if they consume aw meat and/or raw eggs. Raw eggs also contain an enzyme called avidin that decreases the absorption of biotin, which can lead to skin and coat problems. Raw bones can also be harmful to you dog, they are not necessarily poisonous but can easily get lodged in your dogs throat or cause an injury should the bone splinter and puncture your their digestive tract.

Salt and Salty Snack Foods

Large amounts of salt can cause vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated body temperature, seizures and even death.

Xylitol

Xylitol is used as a sweetener in many products, including gum, candy, baked goods and toothpaste. Xylitol can release insulin in most species, which can lead to liver failure. This spike in insulin leads to hypoglycemia, or lowered sugar levels. Signs of xylitol poisoning include vomiting, lethargy and loss of coordination, as well as seizures. Elevated liver enzymes and liver failure can be seen within a few days.

Yeast Dough

Yeast dough can rise causing gas to collect in your dog’s digestive system. This can be painful and can cause the stomach to bloat, and potentially twist, becoming a life threatening emergency. Yeast also produces ethanol as a by-product and if ingested raw, a dog can become drunk.

Overall, be mindful of what you are giving to your dog and stick to what is safe for them. A grape or some nuts are not worth the heartache if they become ill.

Easy Tips To Help Your Dog Lose Weight

Dogs that are overweight have a higher risk of developing diabetes, arthritis, kidney and heart disease, high blood pressure, as well as many types of cancer. If your dog is overweight, keep reading to see how you can get them fit and reduce their risk of developing a serious disease.

1. Count their calories.

Just like a human needs to count calories in order to lose weight, so does your dog, except you’ll be the one calculating their calories! Ask your veterinarian to calculate how many calories your pup needs each day.

2. Measure their food.

Guessing how much your dog should get each meal can lead to extra unwanted calories. After you have calculated the amount of calories your pup needs, figure out how much food you should feed him per meal and measure it out.

3. Limit treats.

Treats and table scraps can add up and usually don’t end up giving your dog the nutrition he needs. Instead, try making homemade dog treats with healthy ingredients, but don’t forget to factor in those calories to your dog’s daily caloric intake.

4. Exercise.

A 20-30 minute walk can boost immune function, improve cardiovascular health, and reduce some behavioral problems.

5. Supplements. 

Veterinarians often recommend fish oil for dogs, fish oil not only keeps their fur shiny and skin healthy, it’s proven to prevent and treat a number of diseases. If your dog has joint problems, talk to your vet about adding Cosequin or Dasuquin to your dog’s diet.

6. Food. 

Make sure your feeding your dog the correct food. If you have a puppy and an older dog, don’t feed them the same type of food. Puppies need food specifically formulated for them because they need more calories, while older dogs need less calories due to their slowed metabolism.

For more information contact your veterinarian.

How to Help Your Dog Adjust During a Move

Moving to a new house can be very stressful, but have you ever wondered how hard it can be on your dog? The sight of suitcases and boxes can cause your pup to feel anxious and confused. He might be wondering “what’s going on”, “is my human leaving”, or “am I coming, too?” There’s no way to make moving any less painful, but there are ways to make the transition from moving from one house to another easier on you dog.

Before Moving to a New Home
  • Prepare your pup before you move. Maybe start by dragging out your old suitcase or boxes and just letting them sit for a week before you actually start packing.
  • Prepare them for what’s ahead. If you’re not moving far, take them to the new neighborhood and let them walk and sniff. If possible, walk them to the house you’ll be moving into and let them sniff the front yard and front porch.
  • Invest in anti-anxiety medicine/gear. If your move is far, consult your veterinarian about calming medication for the trip and try them out ahead of time. Consider buying a ThunderShirt, they apply gentle and constant pressure to calm anxious dogs. Let them wear it while you are packing and again during the big move.
During the Move
  • Doggie daycare. On moving day, consider leaving your pup with a familiar face, like a family member, friend, or at a doggie daycare they have been to before. This will allow you to not worry about your dog and it will allow your dog to not worry about the move.
  • Pack for your dog. Don’t forget to pack your pup’s favorite toys! Keep their belongings nearby, this allows for easier access after the move.
  • Don’t clean. Washing your dog’s toys and bedding can remove a comforting scent that should be taken to the new home.
  • Light Breakfast. The stress of moving can be hard on their stomachs, so maybe feed them a smaller breakfast than normal.
  • Exercise. If you decide not to send your dog away while you move, take them on a walk before or during the trip to your new home.
After the Move
  • Keep the same routine, or as close to the same as possible. If your dog is feeling anxious, keeping the same routine from your old home to your new home can alleviate this feeling. Once you have settled in after a couple of weeks, additional changes can be made slowly.
  • Safe space. Set up your dog’s crate with their favorite blankets and toys, this will be comforting to them while adjusting to strange new place.
  • Explore. Explore the new neighborhood and surrounding areas with your pup, but keep them on a leash. Something could startle them and you don’t want them running off.
  • Affection. Throughout the entire moving process, give your dog plenty of attention. This can be very reassuring for them.

Why Does My Dog Lick Me?

Do you ever wonder why you dog greets you with a big slobbery kiss? Or why they like to lick you in general? Dogs lick their owners, other dogs, and themselves for a variety of reasons ranging from love and submission to a possible medical condition. Following are common reasons your dog might be offering up canine kisses.

Why Dogs Lick People, Other Dogs, and Themselves

 

You Taste Good

Our salty skin can be very appealing to dogs. Dogs are inclined to explore the world with their mouths and are comforted by the scent of their owners, which is the same reason they may steal a piece of our clothing.

They’re “Rewarded” For It

You may not think you are “rewarding” your pup but think back to how you responded when your dog licked you. Did you pet him, scratch his belly? Maybe you offered him food or started talking to him. Doing any of these positively reinforces that behavior which only encourages him to continue. The action of licking itself releases endorphins making your pup feel good, which only adds to the reward. If you want your dog to stop licking you, don’t give them any attention. Stay focused on what you were doing or simply get up and move to a different area.

To Show Submission

Your dog might be licking to show submission, especially if he’s licking the muzzle of another dog. According to former AKC Family Dog columnist and veterinarian Nicholas Dodman, wild pups lick their mother’s mouth as a sign for her to regurgitate the meat she has hunted and as a way of showing their subordination. It is reasonable, then, that domesticated dogs instinctually exhibit this behavior when interacting with other dogs, or humans, they consider superior to them.

From a Possible Medical or Behavioral Issue

Dogs that lick a specific spot may be suffering from a problem that requires a professional’s intervention, such as anxiety or obsessive-compulsive disease. Also, dogs that frequently lick their toes could be attempting to resolve a persistent itching brought on by allergies. Dogs that lick their anal area often could be suffering from allergies or might need their anal glands expressed. If you see your dog obsessively licking, a person, or an item like the bed sheets, talk to a veterinarian, who may recommend medical treatment or a consultation with a behavior specialist.

In most cases your dog is just showing their affection for you.

Adjusting Your Dog to A New Baby

Bringing home a new baby is exciting for you and your partner, however, it can be very confusing and even frightening for your pets. They may also exhibit jealousy since they’re not the center of focus anymore.

Fortunately, by planning ahead and taking the correct steps before you bring home baby and within the first couple weeks of your baby’s homecoming, you can help your dog adjust to its new sibling.

How to Adjust Your Dog to A New Baby
  • It is important that your dog know basic commands to ensure your he won’t jump; he should be able sit, stay and come to when he is called.
  • Gradually change your dog’s routine before the baby is born – where he sleeps, or when he gets walked – this allows your dog to not associate the changes with the baby.
  • A few weeks before the baby arrives, lessen the amount of play and attention you give your dog.
  • Allow your dog to adjust to noises a baby makes by playing a recording of various baby sounds.
  • Before the baby is born allow your pup to sniff baby lotion, powder, shampoo, etc. Once the baby is born let your dog sniff some of its clothing or a blanket so he can get use to the baby’s scent.
  • When you bring your baby home for the first time, greet your dog alone first so it doesn’t jump on the baby.
  • After the baby has been home for a few days, let your dog sniff the baby while on a leash. Praise and pet him while he sniffs and only allow the dog to approach you and the baby, this prevents bites.
  • When your dog has acclimated to your new baby’s smell, allow him to sniff the baby off the leash, unless he is too overly excited. If the baby suddenly screams or kicks it may scare your dog or he may take it as a sign to play. Keep the baby elevated and ALWAYS make sure there is an adult between the dog and the baby.
  • Don’t scold your dog if he picks up one of the baby’s toys; you don’t want the dog to associate the baby with something negative. Instead, replace the baby’s toy with one of the dog’s.
  • Don’t leave your baby alone with the dog. A pull on the ears or tail can make even the most tolerable dogs snap.
  • Have a safe space for your dog, whether it be their crate or a room where the baby can’t go.

And just remember that while you are adjusting, so is your dog. So be patient and still find time for your furry friend!

Why Dogs Eat Grass

You may have noticed your furry best friend eating a nice fresh salad, and by salad I mean grass. So why is your dog doing this? Is he hungry, bored, sick, could eating grass hurt him?

It’s perfectly natural to to have concerns. The technical term for this disorder is pica, which is characterized by eating things that are not food. Pica can indicate that your dog may have some type of nutritional deficiency, or it could simply be a sign of boredom, especially with puppies.

Dogs eating grass is rather common and this kind of pica does not usually cause a lot of issues. In actuality, the majority of veterinarians consider it a standard dog behavior . 1 small-scale study of 49 pet owners whose dogs had routine access to grass and other plants found that 79 percent of the dogs had eaten plants in some time.

Why is My Dog Snacking on Grass?

There are an assortment of reasons your dog may be grazing on your yard. Some folks suggest that dogs may turn to eating grass when they do not feel well as a means to make themselves vomit, and then feel better. However, some people disagree.

Evidence indicates that most dogs who eat grass are not unwell ahead, or at least they do not seem so. Actually, fewer than 10 percent of dogs appear to be ill before eating grass, in accordance with their owners. And grass-eating does not usually result in throwing up — less than 25 percent of dogs who eat grass vomit regularly after grazing.

Other proposed reasons why your dog may be snacking on some grass include enhancing digestion, treating intestinal worms, or fulfilling some unmet nutritional need, including the demand for fiber.

Should I Quit My Dog from Eating Grass?

If you suspect that your dog is eating grass because he is bored, it may be beneficial to make sure he is getting sufficient exercise.

On the possibility that your pet’s pica behavior is caused by a nutritional deficiency, switching to a greater pet food, particularly a high-fiber selection, could help alleviate the issue.

Although most experts concur that grazing itself is not harmful, 1 thing to bear in mind is that certain herbicides and pesticides used on lawns can be very toxic, particularly if ingested. Additionally, a variety of common garden and house plants are poisonous, which might result in difficulties if your dog munches on them together with the yard. To make sure that the plants in and around the area where your puppy is eating grass are not dangerous, check the ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center web site, which maintains a list of poisonous and non-toxic plants.

Speaking from personal experience, you want to make sure your dog or pup isn’t eating an abundance of grass. When enough grass is consumed it can intertwine, making it impossible to pass. This can lead to your best friend having emergency surgery to remove a half pound of grass and let me tell you, it is not fun and quite costly!

Heat Exhaustion in Dogs

Overheating in dogs isn’t something to take lightly. As the weather warms up, it is important to stay conscious of how the heat affects your puppy. Heat exhaustion in dogs may result in severe and potentially fatal conditions like heat stroke and cardiac arrest.

Unlike people, dogs do not sweat out excess body heat. Instead, they pant, which is rapid, open-mouthed breathing, however panting isn’t sufficient to keep him from becoming overheated.

Heat exhaustion in pups can happen when the body temperature becomes rises above the normal temperature. This varies slightly, based on PetMD.com, but it is generally agreed that temperatures of 103 degrees Fahrenheit are normal. If their temperature rises to 106 degrees or above, your dog is at serious risk for a heat stroke.

Warning Signs

Excessive panting is the initial symptom. A dangerously overheated dog, according to the American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation, may fall or experience convulsions, display nausea or diarrhea, and might also have a tongue which turn blue or bright red. You might want to spot the problem before it gets that acute, though to intervene and stop severe overheating. Early signs are more subtle – it might be as straightforward as your dog looks less responsive to orders than normal. When you call his name, rather than turning to look at you, he might wander away. If there’s any question in any way, get your dog from the heat.

Risk Factors

All dogs are at risk for overheating but some more than others including dogs with thick coats or long hair, very young pups or very old dogs, and brachycephalic breeds–those with short noses and horizontal faces, such as shih-tzus, pugs, boxers, and bulldogs. Overweight dogs and the ones that suffer from medical conditions that cause difficulty breathing or heart problems are particularly vulnerable.

Extremely active puppies and working or searching breeds (like shepherds, retrievers, and spaniels) are also at a greater risk, especially during warm months. You need to be careful to not push these dogs too hard, so make sure that they get tons of breaks to rest in the shade and they are well-hydrated constantly.

Environmental factors may also place a dog in danger. Be aware not only of high temperatures, but also of high humidity, which may increase the possibility of heat exhaustion in puppies. All dogs are at higher risk of overheating if they are not given sufficient shade or another cooler place to unwind inside. And puppies left in a hot automobile are in serious danger of heat exhaustion and heat stroke.

What to Do if You Think Your Dog is Overheated

Vetstreet recommends following these measures to treat heat exhaustion in dogs:

  • Immediately move your puppy to a cooler place.
  • Use a rectal thermometer to check your dogs temperature. A temperature above 106 puts him at risk for heat stroke. If he is in the danger zone, then call your vet.
  • If you are close to a body of fresh water, like a pond or a baby pool, let your dog take a dip to cool down. If not, get wet towels to cool him down.
  • If he is conscious and prepared to drink, give him cool, refreshing water. Do not force it, however, as it might wind up in his lungs. If he can not or won’t drink, or can not keep down water, wet his tongue instead. Do not feed him ice cubes, which might cause his temperature to drop too fast, resulting in shock. When you haven’t already done so, call ahead so that they may be prepared to take immediate action after you arrive.
Preventing Heat Exhaustion in Dogs

These include restricting exercise or outdoor activity on overly hot or humid days, providing tons of shade and water once your dog is outside, rather than under any conditions, leaving your pet in a parked car–not even in the shade with the windows rolled down. On mild days with temperatures in the 70s, the interior of a parked car can reach 120 degrees in minutes, making this a very dangerous environment to leave your dog, even for a brief time.

If your pooch has energy to burn and requires some kind of exercise so as to remain calm, take him swimming or let him run and play in the sprinkler before heading back inside. You can even use a cooling body vest or wrap to keep him cool without getting him wet. And if your dog has long hair or a thick coat, then think about getting him a brief haircut to make it through the hot months–just make sure to leave enough fur to protect his skin from sunlight.

Furthermore, if you take your dog on long walks it may be better to take him through the warmer hours of the day such as early in the morning or later in the day (bear in mind hot sidewalks and pavement can burn off his footpads). Make certain to keep water and let him take a rest every once in a while. If you run with your dog make sure not to overdo it. As hotter temperatures make it tougher for you to stay hydrated on a wonderful run, it is even more accurate for your puppy.

If you will be hunting or hiking with your dog, or if he has a job to do such as herding sheep or cows, make certain to provide your dog several breaks in the shade and be sure he has plenty of fresh water. Look at wetting him down or with a cooling vest while he is busy, and maintain a close watch on him for the first signs of overheating. Bear in mind that working dogs have a tendency to become so focused on their tasks they don’t realize when they have to rest and cool down. It’s your responsibility to observe your dog and make sure he gets the breaks he wants to remain healthy.

Lastly, do not forget to set a strategy in place for keeping your pet cool if the electricity goes out or the air conditioner stops working. As uncomfortable as you may be under such circumstances, it is even worse for the dog, whose body temperature is already much greater than yours. If you’re planning to retreat to somewhere cooler, be sure he will also be welcome. Otherwise, think about leaving him in a kennel until it is safe for him to return home to cooler conditions.

Equipped with the knowledge of how to recognize overheating, the way to respond and how to avoid it in the first place, you can look forward to a secure, enjoyable and happy summer with your four-legged buddy.

What is a Professional Veterinary Dental Cleaning?

What to Expect When Your Pet Needs a Dental Cleaning

A veterinary dental cleaning always starts with an initial awake oral examination of your dog’s mouth with a vet or a veterinary dentist. This permits the veterinarian not just to have an overall idea of your dog’s dental condition, but also provides you the chance to ask questions and to find decent information for home care that may benefit your pet.

Your pup will have its blood drawn for analysis to identify any potential issues that the doctor has to know about and to decide whether he or she is healthy enough to undergo anesthesia.

This is what frequently worries most pet owners, however, under appropriate protocols anesthesia is quite safe. We encourage pet owners to ask their vet about their anesthesia protocol and expertise before scheduling a procedure. Find questions to ask your vet before anesthesia.

Once your pup is sedated your veterinarian will get started with a comprehensive dental cleaning, which includes the following:

  • A complete oral examination and radiographs (x-rays) to identify any issues beneath the gum-line. (This is comparable to the x-rays you could receive from your dentist.) Common painful issues that could be recognized with radiographs are broken roots and teeth, periodontal disease, dead teeth, abscesses or infected teeth.
  • A complete cleaning below the gum-line where periodontal disease lurks. It would not be possible to clean this place on an alert dog, but this is where periodontal disease starts with germs ‘living’ below the gum tissue.
  • Professional polishing and scaling of the crown, or visible portion of your dog’s teeth. A veterinary cleaning does require scratching or scaling tooth to remove plaque and calculus. Scaling is done to remove tartar and plaque build-up on the tooth crown. The teeth are polished leaving an entirely smooth surface of the tooth that discourages plaque and bacteria from adhering to the tooth surface.

After healing, your dog is most often able to go home and unless an extra procedure was completed, your pet can eat and return to normal. Your veterinarian should provide you a complete report of findings and any recommendations for home care between cleanings.

Why it Could be Time to Visit the Doggie Dentist

The Importance of Cleaning Your Pet’s Teeth

According to The American Veterinary Medical Association 80% of dogs and cats older than 4 years have moderate to severe dental disease. Just like humans, pets can harbor plague in their gum line, between the teeth, and within cracks or natural ridges on the surface of the crown. This build up can lead to periodontal disease, which can result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that supports the teeth. In pets with periodontal disease the inflamed gums begin to pull away from the teeth and form spaces called periodontal pockets that trap even more plaque, tartar, food particles, and bacteria. If untreated, periodontal disease could cause kidney, liver, and heart problems in your pet.

There are many signs that your pet may be suffering from periodontal disease:

  1. Bad breath
  2. Trouble Eating
  3. Bleeding, swollen, inflamed gums
  4. Stained teeth
  5. Loose or broken teeth
  6. Pawing and drooling
  7. Growths on the gums

If your dog is exhibiting any of these symptoms, it may be time to visit the doggie dentist.

It’s recommended that owners brush their pets teeth daily in order to prevent build up that can lead to periodontal disease. Unfortunately brushing each day isn’t always ideal for pet owners. To ensure your pet has a healthy mouth, visit your veterinarian at least once a year for a dental checkup and brush your pets teeth regularly, even if it isn’t everyday. If your veterinarian decides it’s time for a cleaning, don’t fear! Your dog will be under a local anesthetic and won’t feel a thing.

If you are worried about your dog being put under anesthesia speak to your vet. Ask them about their protocol and experience; under the proper protocol anesthesia is very safe and it allows the vet to clean your pets teeth properly and thoroughly without putting stress on your pet. Avoid groomers or vets that offer anesthesia free cleanings – these aren’t really cleanings and can be more harmful than an actual dental cleaning.

For more information about dental cleanings for your pet visit our page What is a Professional Veterinary Dental?

 

 

4 Surefire Ways To Stop Your Dog from Barking So Much

I love my dogs, but what I don’t love is their constant barking..at doorbells, weird noises, packages, people, other dogs, the list goes on! If your ears suffer like mine try these four approaches to help your dog from barking so much.

Sight barriers
A quiet zone
Anti-stress and bark control equipment
Coaching

Why dogs bark

Before taking steps to control your dog’s barking, it is important to recognize why they bark. Barking is dogs’ most useful type of communicating, and serves an assortment of functions.

Alarm barking isn’t restricted to defending territory.
Attention-Seeking Barking: used to get rewards or attention, like food or playtime. Greeting barking is followed by relaxed body language and a wagging tail.
Compulsive Barking: repetetive barking frequently accompanied by a repetitive motion, such as pacing
Socially Facilitated Barking: aka”response barking,” when a dog barks too only when they hear a different puppy bark.
Odds are, you realize your dog in one of the aforementioned. As soon as you understand your dog’s motivation for barking, you can identify tools and tricks to prevent it.

1. Use sight barriers

Territorial and alert barking occur when dogs see or hear something which arouses their focus (that is why so many dogs bark in the living room window or across the fence). The fastest trick to stop barking in the window or at the lawn is to deal with the environment. Block your dog’s sightline to possible barking triggers.

In the lawn, use privacy fencing to cut off views to neighboring lawns or the road. Industrial quality privacy screening installs over your current fence and may be permitted in your rental unit. If you have your house and seek a long-term, attractive alternative, consider planting privacy hedges to decorate and bark-proof the lawn.

Inside, leave the drapes or blinds closed, or use spray-on glass coating or removable plastic film which makes windows opaque. This inexpensive static cling window film allows the light in, but blurs and cubes sights from outside.

Handle the environment, and block your pet’s sightline to possible barking triggers.

2. Establish a doggy quiet zone

If your dog barks when you leave the home (which could be a indication of separation anxiety), then establish a safe and quiet place for them away from the front door. This might be a back bedroom, laundry room, or spare room.

Your doggy quiet zone may comprise:

A cage decked out with a comfortable bed and solitude cover, or a baby gate to block off other regions
A stuffed Kong toy or puzzle feeder to keep them occupied (and keep their mouth occupied with something aside from barking!)
A white noise machine to hide outside sounds and create soothing soundscapes
If you reside in a smaller house and can not isolate your dog in a room, think about crate-training and utilizing a cage cover which allows plenty of airflow while restricting sightlines.

3. Bark management and anti-stress devices

Because of improvements in technology and a broader knowledge of dog behavior, there are a number of products on the market that effectively control barking at a gentle, humane way.

Ultrasonic bark deterrent devices work by emitting an ultrasonic noise that dogs find disagreeable, which startles them from barking. Reviews of ultrasonic anti-bark apparatus are blended; some dogs do not respond to them, and others are too sensitive to what’s basically a correction. However, for some dogs, these are extremely effective.

A humane alternative to shock collars of yore, the citronella spray bark collar uses a burst of citronella spray to remove or reduce excess barking. Dogs do not like the flavor of citronella, and the”shhh” sound and feeling startles them from barking.

Loaded with dog-soothing pheromones, these collars can help stressed dogs calm down, and decrease anxious barking.

4. Training

There are tons of tools and tricks you can use to help control your dog’s barking, but they all are more effective in combination with training. A few Important commands can help control barking:

Remember . Useful to call your dog from barking triggers (such as the doorbell ringing, or a neighbor dog out )
“Speak.” Yup, training your dog to bark on command can help teach them not to bark at other times, particularly when paired with another command on this listing.
“Settle: or”silent” See above video to get an adorable example! Useful for keeping your pet otherwise occupied when a barking trigger is nearby.
You may even work with a coach to practice desensitization methods that help your dog become accustomed to barking triggers and finally quit responding. Training takes patience and consistency, but the long-term benefits are worth it!

Barking can be a real pain in the ears, however, the perfect mix of training and tools will help your dog learn when to keep silent.

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